INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY, vol.371, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
This study aimed to investigate the contamination of carcasses and slaughterhouse environment with Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157 serogroups (O45:H2, O103:H2, O121:H19, O145:H28, O26:H11, O111:H8). For this purpose, a total of 150 samples (30 carcasses, 30 shredding units, 30 knives, 30 slaughterhouse waste water and 30 wall surfaces) were collected from 5 different slaughterhouses in Kayseri, Turkey. The conventional and molecular methods were performed in order to detect Escherichia coli and its serogroups. Of the 150 samples, 55 (36%) were found to be contaminated with E. coli. Among isolates, E. coli serogroup (O157:H7) were detected in 2 (11%) carcass and 2 (11%) wastewater samples. None of the E. coli isolates harbored tested genes (stx1, stx2, eaeA, and hylA). Effective infection control measures and antibiotic stewardship programs should be adopted to limit the spread of multidrug-resistant bacteria. It was also deduced that these isolates resistance to different antibiotics could be hazardous for public health.