Food safety attitudes and practices of chefs in Cappadocia region, Turkey

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Kılıçhan R., Çalhan H., Umur M.

Journal of Foodservice Business Research, vol.23, no.3, pp.193-215, 2020 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15378020.2020.1718401
  • Journal Name: Journal of Foodservice Business Research
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, CAB Abstracts, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Hospitality & Tourism Complete, Hospitality & Tourism Index
  • Page Numbers: pp.193-215
  • Keywords: attitude and practice, chefs, Food safety, gastronomy, tourism
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


Chefs working at hotels, restaurants, and public institutions play a major role in food safety. The aim of this study is to explore attitudes and practices regarding food safety issues among chefs in the Cappadocia region, Turkey. The data was collected using a convenience sampling method of the non-probability sampling technique. The survey was conducted between the period of September 2018 and November 2018, and 108 chefs working at hotels, restaurants, and public institutions participated. The data were analyzed using frequencies, exploratory factor analysis, independent sample t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and simple linear regression analyses. Most of the chefs (79.6%) had taken a basic food safety training course. The findings reveal that there are statistically significant (p < .05) differences between groups: (a) demographics and attitudes, and (b) demographics and practices. The findings also show that there is a significant (p < .05) and positive correlation (r = 0.48) between the attitudes and practices of chefs. This study posits that food safety trained chefs have higher scores in terms of both attitudes and practices than those who have not received. It is recommended that all chefs should be encouraged to attend food safety training programs. Practical and academic implications are discussed in detail.