Chemical Compounds and Biological Activity of Turkish Santolina chamaecyparissus L. Essential Oil by Microwave Assisted Distillation


SÜFER Ö., CEYLAN A. , ONBAŞLI D. , YUVALI G. , BOZOK F.

KASTAMONU UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF FORESTRY FACULTY, vol.21, no.2, pp.165-175, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.17475/kastorman.1000463
  • Title of Journal : KASTAMONU UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF FORESTRY FACULTY
  • Page Numbers: pp.165-175
  • Keywords: Santolina chamaecyparissus, Essential Oil, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity, ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY, MEDICINAL-PLANTS, ANTIOXIDANT, CONSTITUENTS, EXTRACTION, COMPONENTS, WILD

Abstract

Aim of study: The essential oil of S. chamaecyparissus (SEO) was isolated by microwave assisted distillation system to analyze the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. Area of study: S. chamaecyparissus were collected from Osmaniye province of Turkey in April 2018. Material and method: The chemical constituents and groups (by GC/MS and FTIR spectroscopy, respectively), antioxidant (by DPPH technique) and antimicrobial activities (by agar disc diffusion method) of SEO were investigated. Main results: Twenty aromatic compounds were determined and artemisia ketone (39.83%), camphor (17.65%), beta-phellandrene (8.03%) and beta-bisabolene (7.32%) were the most abundant. IC50 values which were the indicators of antioxidant behavior of SEO, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and gallic acid recorded as 88.301, 0.212 and 0.021 g/L respectively. The antimicrobial activity results showed that all tested microorganisms (Escherichia coli, Streptococcus mutans, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Candida albicans) were highly inhibited. Highlights: SEO could be a good source of monoterpenes especially artemisia ketone. Its herbaceous fragrance may provide a new usage area in men's perfumery.