Sella turcica: an anatomical, endocrinological, and historical perspective


PITUITARY, vol.18, no.4, pp.575-578, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11102-014-0609-2
  • Title of Journal : PITUITARY
  • Page Numbers: pp.575-578


The sphenoid bone has a superior depression called the sella turcica, Latin for "Turkish saddle," where the pituitary gland is found. The availability of modern radiological imaging techniques has replaced plain radiography of the sella turcica in the investigation of hypothalamo-pituitary abnormalities. However, the size of the sella turcica, and smaller sella turcica size in particular, may cause pituitary dysfunction because of the changes in the structure of pituitary gland or may be associated with some genetic or acquired endocrine disorders. The name "sella turcica" is one of the most commonly used terms in everyday endocrine practice.