THE VIEW OF OTTOMAN STATE ABOUT ALEVI COMMUNITY IN 20th CENTURY (ORDU SAMPLE)


Selcuk H.

TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI, sa.59, ss.71-90, 2011 (AHCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Dergi Adı: TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.71-90

Özet

Throughout this study, the Ottoman politics conducting an intense sunnization (forcing to convert into Sunni tradition) campaign on the Alevi Cepni Turks, called Kizilbas, living in Ordu and in and around Ordu during the 2nd Constitutional Period (early 20th century) has been assessed in an elaborate method. In order to dissuade Alevi communities of the related region from their faith, a great deal of importance was given to educational activities under the joint initiative of the institutions Maarif (the educational system of the age), mulkiye (civil administration) and mesihat (Seyhulislamlik, the chief of religious affairs), and accordingly some certain steps such as opening new schools and charging the well-trained men of religion formed the backbone of this policy. This policy also aimed at hindering the Christianization of Alevi communites in the region by the Christian missionaries. The main data source of the study consists of some documents at Prime Ministry Ottoman Archives containing the correspondence occurred between the capital and the province, of Ordu.