Investigation of Pre-Competition and Post-Competition Psychological Performances of B1 and B2 Visually Impaired Footballers


TURAN M. B., Yoka K., Yoka O.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARLY CHILDHOOD SPECIAL EDUCATION, vol.14, no.5, pp.2382-2399, 2022 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.9756/intjecse/v14i5.248
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARLY CHILDHOOD SPECIAL EDUCATION
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, IBZ Online, EBSCO Education Source, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.2382-2399
  • Keywords: Footballer, Visually Impaired, Psychological Performance, SPORTS, PEOPLE, CHILDREN, SKILLS
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This article investigates; B1 and B2 is the examination of the psychological performance of visually impaired football players before and after the match according to various variables. 50 visually impaired football players who live in Kayseri and actively play sports in the Turkish Visually Impaired Sports Federation participated in the research. To the participants who voluntarily participated in the study, the items in the questionnaire were read by the researchers and filled in as deemed appropriate by the participant. In order to determine the demographic characteristics of the participants, a questionnaire consisting of two parts, 'Demographics' and 'Psychological Performance Scale', was applied. The obtained data were analyzed with the SPSS package program. In addition to descriptive statistics; The normality structure of the distributions was examined through skewness and kurtosis tests. In addition to descriptive statistics; The normality structure of the distributions was examined through skewness and kurtosis tests. According to the results of the normal distribution analysis, it was decided to compare the data with parametric tests. When comparing the data between two variables, the t test was applied to independent groups; In the comparison of three or more variables, one-way analysis of variance was applied. The Lsd test and was applied to determine the difference in the comparisons made in three or more groups. As a result; While there was no significant difference between age and the scores of visually impaired athletes from the psychological performance scale before and after the competition, a significant difference was observed with the variables of position and income. In addition, a significant difference was determined in the negative energy sub-dimension, according to the family of the athletes and the education variable. A statistical difference was determined according to the status of being a national athlete due to disability. Since visually impaired individuals continue their education and training lives by touching and hearing, they should be supported with various education programs in terms of learning and perception periods.