Observation of d-p hybridized aromaticity in lanthanum-doped boron clusters

CHENG S., Berkdemir C., CASTLEMAN A. W.

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, vol.16, no.2, pp.533-539, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1039/c3cp53245c
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.533-539
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: No


The concept of aromaticity has been advanced beyond the framework of organic chemistry, and multiple aromaticity (sigma, pi, and delta) has been observed to account for the highly symmetric structures or unusual stability of the clusters. In the present study, the electronic structures and chemical bonding of small monolanthanum boride clusters are investigated using photoelectron imaging spectroscopy and first principles electronic structure calculations. Accurate electron affinities of 1.32 +/- 0.04 and 1.13 +/- 0.06 eV for the neutral LaB2 and LaB3 clusters are obtained by the vibrationally-resolved photoelectron spectra of the LaB2- and LaB3- clusters, respectively. It is shown that LaB2- and LaB3 exhibit enhanced stability in their respective cluster series, as evidenced from the calculated removal energies and HOMO-LUMO gaps. Molecular orbital analysis discloses that these two clusters possess doubly aromatic characters (sigma and pi), responsible for their enhanced stability. Interestingly, unlike conventional sigma-, pi-, and delta-aromaticity formed by the delocalization of unhybridized p or d orbitals, the sigma and pi delocalized molecular orbitals shown here are formed through the effective overlap between the 5d atomic orbital of the La atom and the p orbitals of the remaining boron atoms, representing an intriguing d-p hybridized aromaticity.