Localized waves and interaction solutions to the fractional generalized CBS-BK equation arising in fluid mechanics

Manafian J., İLHAN O. A., Avazpour L., Alizadeh A.

ADVANCES IN DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS, vol.2021, no.1, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2021 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s13662-021-03311-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Metadex, zbMATH, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Hirota bilinear method, Lump-solitons, Fractional generalized Calogero-Bogoyavlensky-Schiff-Bogoyavlensky-Konopelchenko equation, Hessian matrix
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


The Hirota bilinear method is employed for searching the localized waves, lump-solitons, and solutions between lumps and rogue waves for the fractional generalized Calogero-Bogoyavlensky-Schiff-Bogoyavlensky-Konopelchenko (CBS-BK) equation. We probe three cases including lump (combination of two positive functions as polynomial), lump-kink (combination of two positive functions as polynomial and exponential function) called the interaction between a lump and one line soliton, and lump-soliton (combination of two positive functions as polynomial and hyperbolic cos function) called the interaction between a lump and two-line solitons. At the critical point, the second-order derivative and the Hessian matrix for only one point will be investigated and the lump solution has one maximum value. The moving path of the lump solution and also the moving velocity and the maximum amplitude will be obtained. The graphs for various fractional orders alpha are plotted to obtain 3D plot, contour plot, density plot, and 2D plot. The physical phenomena of this obtained lump and its interaction soliton solutions are analyzed and presented in figures by selecting the suitable values. That will be extensively used to report many attractive physical phenomena in the fields of fluid dynamics, classical mechanics, physics, and so on.