In recent years, the researchers have witnessed the changes or transformations driven by the existence of the big data on the definitions, complexities and future directions of the real world optimization problems. Analyzing the capabilities of the previously introduced techniques, determining possible drawbacks of them and developing new methods by taking into consideration of the unique properties related with the big data are nowadays in urgent demands. Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm inspired by the clever foraging behaviors of the real honey bees is one of the most successful swarm intelligence based optimization algorithms. In this study, a novel ABC algorithm based big data optimization technique was proposed. For exploring the solving abilities of the proposed technique, a set of experimental studies has been carried out by using different signal decomposition based big data optimization problems presented at the Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC) 2015 Big Data Optimization Competition. The results obtained from the experimental studies first were compared with the well-known variants of the standard ABC algorithm named gbest-guided ABC (GABC), ABC/best/1, ABC/best/2, crossover ABC (CABC), converge-onlookers ABC (COABC) and quick ABC (qABC). The results of the proposed ABC algorithm were also compared with the Differential Evolution (DE) algorithm, Genetic algorithm (GA), Firefly algorithm (FA), Fireworks algorithm (FW), Phase Base Optimization (PBO) algorithm, Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm and Dragonfly algorithm (DA) based big data optimization techniques. From the experimental studies, it was understood that the newly introduced ABC algorithm based technique is capable of producing better or at least promising results compared to the mentioned big data optimization techniques for all of the benchmark instances. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.