Synthesis of novel benzimidazole salts and microwave-assisted catalytic activity of in situ generated Pd nanoparticles from a catalyst system consisting of benzimidazol salt, Pd(OAc)(2), and base in a Suzuki-Miyaura reaction

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YILMAZ Ü., Kucukbay H., TÜRKTEKİN ÇELİKESİR S. , AKKURT M. , Buyukgungor O.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.37, no.5, pp.721-733, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/kim-1207-18
  • Page Numbers: pp.721-733


Novel benzimidazolium salts having N-benzyl or N-(4-substitutedbenzyl) groups were synthesized and their microwave-promoted catalytic activity for the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction were determined using in situ formed palladium(0) nanoparticles (PdNPs) from a catalytic system consisting of Pd(OAc)(2)/K2CO3 in DMF/H2O. PdNPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern and particle size of in situ generated PdNPs from the Pd(111) plane was determined to be of diameter 19.6 nm by the Debye-Scherrer equation. Moreover, the yield of the Suzuki-Miyaura reactions with aryl iodides and aryl bromides was found to be nearly quantitative. The synthesized benzimidazole salts (1-5) were identified by H-1 and C-13 NMR and IR spectroscopic methods, and micro analysis. The molecular structure of 5 was also determined by X-ray crystallography.