Structural Basis for Ligand Recognition and Functional Selectivity at Angiotensin Receptor


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Zhang H., Unal H., DESNOYER R., Han G. W. , Patel N., Katritch V., ...More

JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, vol.290, no.49, pp.29127-29139, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 290 Issue: 49
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1074/jbc.m115.689000
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.29127-29139

Abstract

Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1)R) is the primary blood pressure regulator. AT(1)R blockers (ARBs) have been widely used in clinical settings as anti-hypertensive drugs and share a similar chemical scaffold, although even minor variations can lead to distinct therapeutic efficacies toward cardiovascular etiologies. The structural basis for AT(1)R modulation by different peptide and non-peptide ligands has remained elusive. Here, we report the crystal structure of the human AT(1)R in complex with an inverse agonist olmesartan (Benicar (TM)), a highly potent anti-hypertensive drug. Olmesartan is anchored to the receptor primarily by the residues Tyr-35(1.39), Trp-84(2.60), and Arg-167(ECL2), similar to the antagonist ZD7155, corroborating a common binding mode of different ARBs. Using docking simulations and site-directed mutagenesis, we identified specific interactions between AT(1)R and different ARBs, including olmesartan derivatives with inverse agonist, neutral antagonist, or agonist activities. We further observed that the mutation N111(3.35)A in the putative sodium-binding site affects binding of the endogenous peptide agonist angiotensin II but not the beta-arrestin-biased peptide TRV120027.