Amplicon-based next-generation sequencing for comparative analysis of root canal microbiome of teeth with primary and persistent/secondary endodontic infections

Kesim B., Ülger S. T., Aslan G., Cudal H., ÜSTÜN Y., Küçük M. Ö.

Clinical Oral Investigations, vol.27, no.3, pp.995-1004, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00784-023-04882-x
  • Journal Name: Clinical Oral Investigations
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.995-1004
  • Keywords: Amplicon sequence variants, Microbiome, Endodontic infection, Next-generation sequencing, Retreatment, 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.Objectives: To compare the root canal microbiome profiles of primary and persistent/secondary infections using high-throughput sequencing with the help of a reliable bioinformatics algorithm. Materials and methods: Root canal samples of 10 teeth in the primary endodontic infection (PEI) group and 10 teeth in the persistent/secondary endodontic infection (SEI) group were included resulting in a total of 20 samples. After DNA extraction from the samples, sequencing was performed on the Illumina MiSeq platform. Pair-end Illumina reads were imported to QIIME 2; amplicon sequence variants (ASVs) generated by DADA2 were mapped to GreenGenes database. Weighted UniFrac distances were calculated and principal coordinates analysis (PCoA) was used to compare beta diversity patterns. The multiple response permutation procedure (MRPP), the analysis of similarities (ANOSIM), and permutational multivariate analysis of variance (adonis) were conducted for testing group differences. Linear discriminant analysis effect size (LEfSe) analysis was utilized to identify differentially abundant taxa between the groups. The linear discriminant analysis (LDA) score threshold was set to 4.0. Results: Within the Gram-negative facultative anaerobic Gammaproteobacteria class outgroup, two orders (Pasteurellales, Vibrionales) and two families (Pasteurellaceae, Vibrionaceae) were significantly more abundant in the PEI group, whereas Gram-positive bacteria, Actinomycetales order, and Gram-positive anaerobic taxa, one genus (Olsenella) and one species (Olsenella uli), were identified as significantly more abundant in the SEI group. Conclusions: A few taxa were differentially abundant within either the PEI or SEI group. Clinical relevance: Reliable bioinformatic tools are needed to define microbial profiles of endodontic infections. Based on a limited number of samples, no distinct variation was determined between the bacterial diversity of initial and recurrent endodontic infections.