Comparison of cervical vertebral anomalies and sella turcica bridging in different growth stages with various vertical skeletal growth patterns

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Atilla A. O. , Öztürk T. , Yağcı A.

Surgical And Radiologic Anatomy, cilt.43, no.17, ss.117-125, 2021 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 43 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00276-020-02566-9
  • Dergi Adı: Surgical And Radiologic Anatomy
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.117-125




To compare cervical vertebral anomalies and sella turcica bridging (STB) in different growth stages in orthodontic patients with different vertical skeletal growth patterns.


Lateral cephalometric radiographs (LCR) of 270 patients in the preadolescent, adolescent, or postadolescent periods and having low angle [LA], normal angle [NA], or high-angle [HA] vertical skeletal growth patterns were evaluated retrospectively. STB was visualized using LCRs while evaluating the deficiency of ponticulus posticus (PP) and atlas posterior arch (PAA) associated with the atlas bone. The Pearson chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests were used for categorical data and one-way ANOVA for numerical data.


The prevalence of fully calcified PP and STB increased from the preadolescent (PP, 10.0%; STB, 11.1%) to the postadolescent period (PP, 24.4; STB, 21.1%); they did not differ from vertical skeletal growth patterns (p > 0.05). The prevalence of PAA deficiency is significantly higher in individuals with LA (46.7%) than with other angles (NA, 27.8%; HA, 26.7%). The vertical skeletal growth pattern was significantly related to STB in the preadolescent period and PAA in the postadolescent period.


Different anomalies during different growth periods correlate with the vertical skeletal growth pattern. It will be useful to evaluate a different anomaly according to the relevant growth period.