Evaluation of Infectious Complications in the First Year After Kidney Transplantation

Yalci A., Celebi Z. K., Ozbas B., Sengezer O. L., Unal H., Memikoglu K. O., ...More

TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS, vol.47, no.5, pp.1429-1432, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Kidney transplantation (KT) is the best available therapy for patients with end-stage renal disease. Infectious complications are a common cause of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we evaluated the risk factors and outcomes of infectious complications in the first year after transplantation. This is a retrospective and observational study of kidney transplant recipients at Ankara University's Ibni Sina Hospital between January 2009 and August 2013. A total of 206 kidney transplant recipients were evaluated. In 129 patients, 298 infectious episodes occurred: 55 (26.7%) had 1; 33 (16%) 2; 19 (9.2%) 3; 7 (3.4%) 4; and 15 (7.3%) had 5 or more infectious episodes. The most common bacterial infection was urinary tract infection (128, 42.9%). Only 4 urinary tract infection episodes (3.1%) were associated with bacteriemia. Seventeen patients (5.7%) had bacteremia. Viral infections after transplantation were CMV infection (10.1%), BK virus infection (5.7%), and zona zoster (1.1%). Deceased donor kidney transplantation was the independent risk factor. Mean follow-up period was 66 months and was the same for the patients with and without infections. There was no significant difference in 5-year survival and creatinine levels at the last follow-up (logrank P = .409). Infections are the second most common cause of mortality in KT patients. The successful treatment of these complications and effective prophylaxis may decrease these complications.