This paper presents the results of an experimental and numerical study on aluminium honeycomb sandwich structures under low-velocity impact loadings. In order to investigate the impact behavior of honeycomb sandwich structures, which is consisted of two identical aluminium facesheets and an aluminium honeycomb core, an experimental study was carried out by using a drop-weight impact test system. Using this system, the contact forces and absorbed energies were measured to determine the influence of impact energy for one configuration of the sandwich structure. According to these results, a numerical model by finite element method of sandwich structures was developed, which is in good agreement with experimental results in terms of contact forces and deformations. Later, the effect of the cell size and the height variation of aluminum honeycomb core on the impact response of sandwich structures were investigated using the improved numerical model. The obtained numerical and experimental results were interpreted in detail.