Analysis of General and Disease-Specific Risk Variables for Bovine Tuberculosis


Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, vol.20, no.3, pp.156-161, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


In this study, the relationship of risk variables to the incidence of bovine tuberculosis in areas where the disease is commonly seen and rarely seen was investigated in the years of 2017. For this purpose, the districts of Samsun Province in Türkiye were divided into three risk groups according to the number of bovine tuberculosis out- breaks. The disease-specific risk variables were surveyed 300 cattle enterprises. Information was collected on the feeding regime of the animals, access of drinking water, the source of feed, the management of the manure waste, the presence of wild animals in the area and the presence of similar enterprises within 150 meters. In the analysis of the risk variables associated with the disease, 11 variables were evaluated and a total risk score was allocated. The rela- tionship between the number of outbreaks and general risk scores was significant (P<0.05). Moreover, a significant difference was determined between the districts in terms of disease-specific risk variables (P<0.05). In conclusion, the results of this study can assist in the determination of the vulnerability of individual farms and particular areas to bovine tuberculosis outbreaks, reduce the risk of disease outbreak, and also facilitate early intervention and suppression of the disease.