THE EFFICACY OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES AGAINST ZABRUS SPP.


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Canhilal R.

International Agricultural, Biological & Life Science Conference, Edirne, Turkey, 2 - 05 September 2018, pp.28-32

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Edirne
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.28-32

Abstract

Experiments were conducted to find out the susceptibility of the larvae of Zabrus spp. (Coleoptera: Carabidae), an important insect pest of wheat, against entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) in the laboratory first time in the World. The entomopathogenic nematodes used in the trials were Steinernema feltiae-Commercial, S. feltiaeEndemic, S. carpocapsae, S. bicornutum, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, and H. indica. Small plastic pots with a lid (8 cm in height, 6 cm in diameter) containing autoclaved soil have been utilized in trials. In the experiments, rates of 50, 100 and 200 infective juveniles (IJs)/cm 2 at 15, 20 and 25°C applied and they were repeated 2 times. Raising rate and temperature expanded the mortalities caused by nematodes. S. carpocapsae produced 75% mortality at the rate of 200 IJs/cm2 , which was the highest at 15°C. The lowest mortality with 5% at the rate of 50 IJs/cm2 was caused by S. bicornutum 15°C. Steinernema carpocapsae at the rate of 200 IJs/cm2 , and S. feltiae-Endemic and H. indica at the rate of 50 IJs/cm2 provided the highest (85%) and the lowest (20%) mortality, respectively at 20°C. At 25°C, S. carpocapsae at the rate of 200 IJs/cm2 was the nematode caused the highest mortality with 95% while S. feltiae-Endemic at the rate of 50 IJs/cm2 was producing 25% mortality which was the lowest. As a result, S. carpocapsae performed the best efficacy against Zabrus spp. and it was followed by H. bacteriophora and S. bicornutum.