Determination of Compliance Deficiencies of Hemodialysis Patients

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Kalyoncuo S., Ceyhan Ö., Döner A.

JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL MEDICINE, vol.41, no.2, pp.327-333, 2024 (Scopus)


Chronic renal failure, a serious disease that is increasing day by day worldwide, causes irreversible nephron loss. In addition, chronic renal failure can lead to complications such as cardiovascular diseases, anemia, and bone metabolism diseases when not controlled. Based on Roy's theory, this study aimed to determine patients' compliance with HD treatment for the first step of the disease and fluid control to provide care. Patients 18 years or older who had the cognitive ability to answer the questions, had been receiving HD treatment for at least six months, had ESRD, could communicate, and voluntarily agreed to participate were included in the study. The "Patient information form," "Fluid Control Scale on Hemodialysis Patients (FCSHP)," and " End-Stage Renal Disease Adherence Questionnaire (ESRD-AQ)" prepared by the researcher were used to collect the data. The FCSHP sub-dimension mean scores of the individuals included in the study were 18.95±2.88 in the knowledge dimension, 22.90±6.89 in the behavior dimension, and 8.63±3.31 in the attitude dimension, respectively. FCSHP's total mean score was found to be 50.48±10.46. The mean score of ESRD-AQ sub-dimension HD participation was 538.12±91.75, drug compliance was 185.17±27.17, fluid compliance was 121.96±59.33, diet compliance was 124.64±58.35, and ESRD-AQ total score was 969.91±180.12. As a result of this study, fluid adaptation and disease adaptation of hemodialysis patients are at a reasonable level. It was determined that the adaptation to the disease increased more in patients who moved from the knowledge dimension to the behavior and attitude dimension in fluid adaptation. In line with these results, it can be recommended that the disease adaptation of hemodialysis patients should be ensured with training and counseling after diagnosis, their adaptation should be evaluated intermittently, and the missing dimensions should be supported individually according to the Roy Adaptation Model.