Background. Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory granulomatous disease of unknown etiology that involves multiple organ systems. Many studies have shown a strong relationship between inflammation and atherosclerosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between elastic properties of the aorta and the duration of the disease in patients with sarcoidosis. Method. The study population included 52 patients with sarcoidosis (22 men, mean age = 42.7 +/- 10.7 years, and mean disease duration = 38.8 +/- 10.8 months) and 50 healthy control subjects (18 men, and mean age = 42.0 +/- 8.0 years). Aortic stiffness (beta) index, aortic strain (AoS) and aortic distensibility (AoD) were calculated from the aortic diameters measured by transthoracic echocardiography and blood pressure obtained by sphygmomanometer. Cardiac functions were determined by using routine echocardiographic evaluation consist of standard two-dimensional and conventional Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging. Results. The conventional echocardiographic parameters were similar between patients and controls. There were significant differences between the control and the patient groups in beta index (1.63 +/- 0.55 vs 2.44 +/- 1.54, p = 0.001), AoS (15.61 +/- 5.69 vs 10.93 +/- 4.11%, p < 0.001) and AoD (6.35 +/- 2.64 vs 4.66 +/- 1.98, 10(-6) cm(2)/dyn, p = 0.001). There were statistically significant negative correlations between the disease duration and AoD (r = -0.46, p = 0.01) and AoS (r = -0.44, p = 0.002), whereas there was a positive correlation between the disease duration and beta index (r = 0.37, p = 0.01). In multivariate analysis, disease duration was significantly related with AoD, AoS and beta index (respectively, RR = 3.28, p = 0.002; RR = 3.03, p = 0.004; RR = 2.39, p = 0.02). Conclusion. We observed that elastic properties of the aorta alter in patients with sarcoidosis. We also have demonstrated a statistically significant correlation between aortic elastic properties and the disease duration.