© 2020 Elsevier Inc.Simple, low-cost, robust, and scalable fabrication of microscopic linear barcodes with high levels of complexity and multiple authentication layers is critical for emerging applications in information security and anti-counterfeiting. This manuscript presents a novel approach for fabrication of microscopic linear barcodes that can be visualized under Raman microscopy. Microfluidic channels are used as molds to generate linear patterns of end-grafted polymers on a substrate. These patterns serve as templates for area-selective binding of colloidal gold nanoparticles resulting in plasmonic arrays. The deposition of multiple taggant molecules on the plasmonic arrays via a second microfluidic mold results in a linear barcode with unique Raman fingerprints that are enhanced by the underlying plasmonic nanoparticles. The width of the bars is as small as 10 μm, with a total barcode length on the order of 100 μm. The simultaneous use of geometric and chemical security layers provides a high level of complexity challenging the counterfeiting of the barcodes. The additive, scalable, and inexpensive nature of the presented approach can be easily adapted to different colloidal nanomaterials and applications.