M lump and interaction between M lump and N stripe for the third-order evolution equation arising in the shallow water

İLHAN O. A., Manafian J., Alizadeh A., Mohammed S. A.

ADVANCES IN DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS, vol.2020, no.1, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2020 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s13662-020-02669-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Metadex, zbMATH, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Hirota bilinear method, Third-order evolution equation, M-lump solutions, Interaction, The unidirectional propagation, The existence criteria, 02, 30, Jr, 05, 45, Yv, 02, 30, Ik, SOLITON-SOLUTIONS, WAVE SOLUTIONS, DIFFERENTIAL-EQUATIONS
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


In this paper, we use the Hirota bilinear method for investigating the third-order evolution equation to determining the soliton-type solutions. The M lump solutions along with different types of graphs including contour, density, and three- and two-dimensional plots have been made. Moreover, the interaction between 1-lump and two stripe solutions and the interaction between 2-lump and one stripe solutions with finding more general rational exact soliton wave solutions of the third-order evaluation equation are obtained. We give the theorem along with the proof for the considered problem. The existence criteria of these solitons in the unidirectional propagation of long waves over shallow water are also demonstrated. Various arbitrary constants obtained in the solutions help us to discuss the graphical behavior of solutions and also grants flexibility in formulating solutions that can be linked with a large variety of physical phenomena. We further show that the assigned method is general, efficient, straightforward, and powerful and can be exerted to establish exact solutions of diverse kinds of fractional equations originated in mathematical physics and engineering. We have depicted the figures of the evaluated solutions to interpret the physical phenomena.