LYMPHOLOGY, vol.53, no.1, pp.20-28, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
CYP26B1 is a member of the cytochrome P450 family and is responsible for the breakdown of retinoic acid forwhich appropriate levels are important for normal development of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems. In a cohort of 235 patients with lymphatic malformations, we performed genetic testing for the CYP26B1 gene. These probands had previously tested negative for known lymphedema genes. We identified two heterozygous missense CYP26B1 variants in two patients. Our bioinformatic study suggested that alterations caused by these variants have no major effect on the overall stability of CYP26B1 protein structure. Balanced levels of retinoic acid maintained by CYP26B1 are crucial for the lymphatic system. We identified that CYP26B1 could be involved in predisposition for lymphedema. We propose that CYP26B1 be further explored as a new candidate gene for genetic testing of lymphedema patients.