Yüzey altı yatay akışlı yapay sulak sistemleri

Gökalp Z., Çakmak B.

3. Ulusal Toprak ve Su Kaynakları Kongresi, Tokat, Turkey, 22 - 24 October 2013, pp.780-788

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Tokat
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.780-788
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


The constructed wetlands, defined also as natural treatment systems, are the systems emulating the natural wetland systems. They are commonly used for treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater in specially designed basins with aquatic plants and easily be used for small-to-medium sized communities. Constructed wetlands with their cheaper and easy construction, low energy and labor costs, easy operation, maintenance and monitoring were specified as the primary issue in rural development strategy document of State Planning Organization of Turkey. Almost all the systems in Turkey are designed as sub-surface horizontal flow type constructed wetlands and most of them are not able to perform as expected because of errors and mistakes made during the design, construction, operation and maintenance of these systems. In this study, general issues to be considered in design, construction, operation and maintenance of sub-surface horizontal flow constructed wetlands commonly used in rural parts of Turkey for domestic wastewater treatment purposes and measures to be taken against possible failures were pointed out.