Standards of soft tissue Arnett analysis for surgical planning in Turkish adults

Uysal T., Yagci A., BASCIFTCI F. A., Sisman Y.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, vol.31, no.4, pp.449-456, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/ejo/cjn123
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.449-456
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


The lower lip thickness of the Turkish population was lower and menton thickness was greater than Arnett's norms. Turkish subjects have depressed orbital rims, cheek bones, subpupils, upright and thin upper and lower lips, retruded incisors, and pogonion and point B. Most of the Turkish mean harmony values were within the range of Arnett's harmony standards. Soft tissue thicknesses were greater and facial lengths, except upper incisor exposure, were longer in Turkish males than females. These differences between ethnic groups should be taken into consideration when formulating orthodontic/orthognathic treatment plans for patients with dentofacial deformity.