Anti-TNF agents in familial Mediterranean fever: report of three cases and review of the literature


Ozgocmen S., AKGUL O.

MODERN RHEUMATOLOGY, cilt.21, ss.684-690, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 21 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10165-011-0463-2
  • Dergi Adı: MODERN RHEUMATOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.684-690

Özet

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disease characterized by recurrent fever, peritonitis/pleuritis, or arthritis attacks. Patients may have FMF-associated mutations of pyrin. The role of biologics such as anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents (infliximab, etanercept, adalimumab, golimumab) and anakinra, canakinumab, or rilonacept in the treatment of FMF needs to be clarified. Herein we present reports of three patients (all were positive for HLA B27) with typical spondylitis associated with FMF who were successfully managed with anti-TNF agents, along with a literature review. The patients were a 37-year-old man with concomitant Crohn's disease and amyloidosis who was treated with infliximab (INF, 5 mg/kg for 3 years) and switched to adalimumab (ADA), and two female patients (a 24-year-old and a 31-year-old) with FMF who developed severe spondylitis and who were also treated with ADA. Anti-TNF agents can control FMF attacks quite effectively and they reveal a promising role in the treatment of FMF-associated amyloidosis and spondylitis.