One of the main goals of treatment of diabetes mellitus is to prevent its complications. Oxidative stress is universal in diabetes, being ultimately involved with the development complications. As a result of hyperglycemia, reactive oxygen/nitrogen species are produced in various tissues that leads to tissue damage with lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation, along with disruption in cellular homeostasis and accumulation of damaged molecules. Hence, supplementation with antioxidant compounds may offer some protection against diabetic complications. The pleiotropic effects of statins, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, represent an area of great interest in prevention and therapy of cardiovascular and neurological disorders. Using biomarkers of oxidative stress, in this study we examined the effect of non cholesterol lowering dose, long term fluvastatin treatment on oxidative stress in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Experiments were conducted in 24 Wistar adult male rats. Diabetic and non-diabetic rats were treated orally for 6 months with fluvastatin (2 mg/kg/day, p.o) starting one week after streptozotocin injection (55 mg/kg, i.p.), (preventive study). In brain, heart, liver, pancreas and kidney homogenates malondialdehyde, lipid hydroperoxide, protein carbonyl content, advanced oxidation protein products, 3-nitrotyrosine levels and superoxide dismutase, catalase activities were measured. Hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia in diabetic groups remained unchanged after fluvastatin treatment. The drug act as antioxidant in the tissues. Hence, antioxidant property of fluvastatin, independent of cholesterol lowering effect, may play a role in prevention of diabetic complications. Clinical relevance of this effect of fluvastatin seems worthy of further studies. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.