Effect of alfalfa meal in diets of laying quails on performance, egg quality and some serum parameters


Guclu B. , Iscan K. M. , Uyanık F. , Eren M. , Agca A.

ARCHIVES OF ANIMAL NUTRITION, vol.58, no.3, pp.255-263, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 58 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00039420410001701350
  • Title of Journal : ARCHIVES OF ANIMAL NUTRITION
  • Page Numbers: pp.255-263
  • Keywords: Japanese quails, lucerne meal, saponins, performance, blood serum, egg yolk composition, PLASMA-CHOLESTEROL CONCENTRATION, SAPONIN CONTENT, ABSORPTION, HENS, YOLK, RATS, METABOLISM, LEVEL, LIVER, FIBER

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of increasing levels of alfalfa meal in the diet of laying quails on egg production, feed consumption, feed efficiency, egg quality, egg yolk cholesterol and selected serum parameters. In this study, 192, 10-week old quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) were evenly distributed to four groups with four replicates of 12 quails each. The control group was fed a basal diet containing 0% alfalfa meal and the remaining groups received 3, 6 or 9% alfalfa meal for 12 weeks. Live weight, feed consumption, and egg production were recorded and feed efficiency were calculated. Eggs were examined for interior and exterior quality and egg yolk cholesterol content. At the end of the experiment, blood samples were collected and sera were analysed for serum Ca, inorganic P (P-i), Mg, triglycerides and total cholesterol. Any level of alfalfa meal had no effect on live weight, egg production, feed consumption, feed efficiency, egg weight, and egg yolk index. Six percent and 9% alfalfa meal increased specific gravity of whole egg and eggshell thickness as well as serum P-i levels. Nine percent alfalfa meal reduced serum triglycerides, total cholesterol levels and egg yolk cholesterol content. The results of this experiment indicated that addition of 9% alfalfa meal into the laying quail diet may improve eggshell quality and reduced serum triglycerides and serum and egg yolk cholesterol without any adverse effect on performance.