Explaining Skeletal System Anatomy with Classical Method, Video Assisted Method and 3D Imaging Techniques and Comparison of Learning Levels Between Methods


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Yilmaz H., Guler H.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY, vol.41, no.4, pp.1107-1111, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.4067/s0717-95022023000401107
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1107-1111
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this research is to introduce the ideal lecture technique to the literature by explaining the anatomy of the skeletal system using the classical method, video-assisted method and 3D imaging techniques. The research was carried out with 180 students. The number of samples was determined by power analysis (a=0.05,b=0.20, effect size=0.25). Participants were pre-screened and divided into 4 groups with the closest group mean (group 1: control group: the group that did not take anatomy lessons, group 2: video-assisted anatomy education, group 3: 3D anatomy course, group 4: classical anatomy education group). The courses in the training groups were organised as 4 hours/day, 2 days/week for 5 weeks. At the end of the course, the students were re-examined and scaled to determine the difference in scores and self-efficacy between the groups. A one-way ANOVA test was performed because the data were normally distributed when comparing between groups. The mean scores were calculated as group 1=30.22 & PLUSMN;6.24, group 2=39.02 & PLUSMN;9.15, group 3=49.77 & PLUSMN;9.20 and group 4=59.28 & PLUSMN;8.95. In the post hoc comparison, in pairwise comparisons between all groups, the differences were highly significant (p<0.001). According to the results of the self-efficacy scale, the groups were ranked as group 4>group 3>group 2>group 1 (p<0.001). According to the results of this study, the laboratory method in skeletal anatomy teaching is the best alternative to 3D anatomy teaching.