Human Exposure and Risk Assessment Due to Toxic Heavy Metals in Groundwater of Larkana City

Kori A. H. , Mahesar S. A. , Jagirani M. S. , Laghari Z. H. , Panhwar T., Jagirani M. D. , ...More

WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION, vol.231, no.6, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 231 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11270-020-04677-w
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts


In this study, groundwater of 10 union councils of Larkana city was assessed by using atomic absorption spectrometry following microwave-assisted digestion. A total of 110 groundwater samples were collected by using a Global Positioning System. The results revealed that iron, zinc, nickel, copper, and lead present in the groundwater of Larkana city were within the level of 0.002-0.6 mg/L, 0.02-0.42 mg/L, 1-14.0 mg/L, 0.01-0.87 mg/L, and 0.01-12.0 mg/L, respectively. A total of 38% and 16% of samples showed a higher concentration of iron and lead, respectively. While other elements in the analyzed samples were within the safe limits set by WHO guidelines.