Effect of cold storage and different diets on Ephestia kuehniella Zeller (Lep : Pyralidae)


AYVAZ A. , KARABÖRKLÜ S.

JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE, vol.81, no.1, pp.57-62, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 81 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10340-008-0192-2
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.57-62
  • Keywords: cold storage, host diet, host suitability, Ephestia kuehniella, Trichogramma evanescens, PHYTOPHAGOUS INSECTS, HOST DIET, LEPIDOPTERA, TEMPERATURE, HYMENOPTERA, TRICHOGRAMMATIDAE, HUMIDITY, ECOLOGY, QUALITY, MOTHS

Abstract

Ephestia kuehniella adults were stored at 10C for 1-10 weeks. Reproductive ability and number of living adults decreased depending on the length of the storage period. Long-term exposure to cold lengthened the life of the adults and 50% mortality was reached after 6 weeks. To obtain complete mortality and sterility 10 weeks of storage was needed. The larvae reared on corn flour diet developed to the adult stage more rapidly than that of the other treatments. The adults reared on oat flour produced significantly more eggs than the other diets. There was no difference among diets with regard to emergence rate, longevity or sex ration of E. kuehniella adults. Trichogramma evanescens did not differentiate among hosts from different food sources with respect to parasitization, adult emergence and sex ratio. The suitability of the eggs from cold-exposed adults with respect to parasitization was found to be the same as the control during the first 3 weeks.