1st International Conference on Environment, Technology and Management (ICETEM) , Niğde, Turkey, 27 - 29 June 2019, pp.1-2
Agriculture, tillage, irrigation, spraying, fertilization, harvesting, such as the different processes of energy consumption is one of the most important sectors. With the increase in efficiency as a result of the mechanization of these processes, the energy consumption increases accordingly.Sustainability of agriculture, reduction of air, water, soil pollution and reduction of fossil fuel consumption and increase of economic gains require energy to be used effectively.
In this study, it is aimed to determine the direct energy equivalents of the inputs used in the production of Chardonnay grapes grown in the province of Kayseri with organic farming.The direct energy usage analysis was carried out in the 2018 production season in a company in the village of Boğazköprü in the Kocasinan district of Kayseri province.For measurement; All details of the data such as tillage, irrigation, organic spraying, transportation, harvesting were determined and daily and hourly usage of the machines were determined.In vineyard, two different tractors were used for daily work. The energy used in organic grapes is considered as the system limit. According to the results obtained; Total energy input for 2018 was determined as 14884.53 MJ / h. The energy input per kilogram in the study area was found as 72,04 MJ / h.
It was found that 77% of the energy input was spent during irrigation during organic grape production. Within the scope of the article, energy differences between the same kind of grapes produced in other regions, maximum and minimum energy inputs and how to reduce energy input will be discussed.