Androgenetic alopecia as an indicator of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk


Ertas R. , Orscelik O., KARTAL D. , DOĞAN A. , Ertas S. K. , Aydogdu E. G. , ...More

BLOOD PRESSURE, vol.25, no.3, pp.141-148, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/08037051.2015.1111021
  • Title of Journal : BLOOD PRESSURE
  • Page Numbers: pp.141-148

Abstract

Numerous studies have investigated a probable association between androgenetic alopecia (AGA) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) by researching limited and dispersed parameters. We aimed to evaluate both traditional and non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors in male patients with early-onset AGA. This case-control study included 68 participants: 51 male patients with early-onset AGA and 17 healthy male controls. Patients with AGA were classified into three groups according to the Hamilton-Norwood scale and the presence of vertex hair loss. Traditional and non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors were examined in all study subjects. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed in 25 patients with AGA and in two control subjects (p<0.05). The carotid intima-media thickness values were found to be significantly higher in patients with vertex pattern AGA than in patients without vertex baldness and controls (p<0.05). The pulse-wave velocity values were also found to be significantly higher in patients (p<0.001). A limitation of this study was the small study population. In conclusion, vertex pattern AGA appears to be a marker for early atherosclerosis. This finding supports the hypothesis that early-onset AGA alone could be an independent risk factor for CVD and metabolic syndrome.