BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH, vol.159, pp.254-262, 2014 (SCI-Expanded)
In this study, the resting eggs of aquatic creatures living in freshwater (Daphnia, Cladocera, Crustacean) ecosystems were used as a novel biosorbent extractant for synchronous preconcentration of trace Cd(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Mn(II), and Ni(II) previous to measurement by flame atomic absorpiton spectrometry (FAAS). Using column procedures, optimization studies were conducted to realize the effective adsorption of the analyte ions such as the solution pH, amount of the biosorbent, volume of the sample, interfering ions, etc. A high preconcentration factor of 67 and low relative standard deflection of a parts per thousand currency sign4.1 % (n = 8) were obtained. The invention constrains based on the 3 s/b criterion were 2.4 for Cd(II), 41.4 for Co(II), 4.2 for Cu(II), 3.0 for Mn(II), and 9.6 mu g L-1 for Ni(II). The accuracy of the method was verified by analysis of a certified standard reference material. The used procedure was applied to the definition of the analytes in diverse environmental samples with convincing results. Consequently, the resting eggs of Daphnia can be used as a biosorbent for preconcentration and biosorption studies.