Effects of some fungicides on Isaria farinosa, and in vitro growth and infection rate on Planococcus citri

Demirci F., Mustu M., Kaydan M. B., Ulgenturk S.

PHYTOPARASITICA, vol.39, no.4, pp.353-360, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12600-011-0168-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.353-360
  • Keywords: Citrus mealybug, Conidial germination, Entomopathogens, Mycelial growth, Nuarimol, Penconazole, Tebuconazole, BEAUVERIA-BASSIANA, ENTOMOPATHOGENIC FUNGI, CASSAVA MEALYBUG, PSEUDOCOCCIDAE, PESTICIDES, HOMOPTERA
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


The effects of some fungicides used against citrus diseases, on mycelial growth and conidial germination of Isaria farinosa (Holmsk.) Fries [Sordariomycetes: Hypocreales] and also on the pathogenicity of the fungus on citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri (Risso), were determined. Systemic fungicides such as tebuconazole, penconazole and nuarimol were the most effective as regards both conidial germination and mycelial growth. Protective fungicides such as captan, chlorothalonil, mancozeb and propineb inhibited conidial germination at between 1 and 5 mu g ml(-1) concentration, but captan, chlorothalonil and propineb did not inhibit the mycelial growth at 5,000 mu g ml(-1). Mancozeb inhibited mycelial growth between 2,500 and 5,000 mu g ml(-1). Sulphur and copper oxychloride did not inhibit the fungus even at very high concentrations. Sulphur, copper oxychloride, fosetyl-al, chlorothalonil and carbendazim did not decrease the mortality percentage caused by I. farinosa. Tebuconazole, penconazole and mancozeb were the most effective and respectively reduced the mortality from 83% to 33%, 28% and 30% in the ovisacs, from 81% to 29%, 27% and 29% in the 1st instar larvae, and from 84% to 34% in the adult females.