Analysis and in-plane shear characterization of polyester plain fabric by yarn pull-out method

Bilisik K.

FIBERS AND POLYMERS, cilt.14, ss.473-481, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 14 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12221-013-0473-0
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.473-481


The aim of this study was to determine the in-plane shear properties of polyester fabric by the pull-out method and analytical relations were developed to calculate the shearing properties. After the yarn in the fabric was pulled from the top ravel region before the start of the crimp extension stage, it was found that fabric shear strength and rigidity increased when the number of pulled ends increased. In addition, when the fabric width and length increased, fabric shear strength and rigidity increased. On the other hand, the shear strength and rigidity values in untreated fabric were high compared to that of treated fabric due to the fabric treatments by softening agent. It was observed that fabric sample dimensions and the number of pull-out ends as well as the fabric treatments influenced fabric shear strength and rigidity. Also, the shear jamming angles were found to be based on the number of pulled ends. Fabric local shearing properties could be identified by pulling the yarn ends in various regions of the fabric. This could be important for the handling of the fabric during formation. The results generated from this study showed that polyester fabric shear could be measured by the yarn pull-out test.