Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis of Laurus nobilis essential oil composition of Northern Cyprus

YALÇIN H. , Akın M., Sanda M., Çakır A.

JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL FOOD, vol.10, no.4, pp.715-719, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/jmf.2007.404
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL FOOD
  • Page Numbers: pp.715-719


The chemical composition of the essential oil isolated from the leaves of the Laurus nobilis plant (from the Northern Cyprus Mountains) by hydrodistillation was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Of the 81 compounds representing 98.74% of total oil, monocyclic monoterpenes such as 1,8-cineole (58.59%), alpha-terpinyl acetate (8.82%), and terpinene-4-ol (4.25%) were the main components. Bicyclic monoterpenes such as alpha- and beta-pinene (3.39-3.25%) and sabinene (3.32%) were also identified. The acyclic monoterpenes linalool (0.19%) and myrcenol (0.10%) were present in smaller amounts, and so were the sesquiterpenes. o-Cymene (1.30%) and p-cymene (1.83%) were the main, while cumin aldehyde (0.24%), dimethylstyrene (0.08%), eugenol (0.16%), methyl eugenol (0.05%), and carvacrol (0.05%) were found as minor, aromatic compounds of laurel oil.