Postoperative nomogram for the prediction of disease-free survival in lymph node-negative stage I?IIA cervical cancer patients treated with radical hysterectomy


Gulseren V. , Kocaer M., Cakir I., Ozdemir I. A. , Sanci M., Gungorduk K.

JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, vol.40, no.5, pp.699-704, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01443615.2019.1652888
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.699-704

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a nomogram for individual prediction of recurrence and disease-free survival (DFS) among lymph node (LN)-negative early-stage (I?IIA) cervical cancer (CC) patients treated with Type B or Type C2 hysterectomy. Data were collected from patients diagnosed with CC between 1995 and 2017 at the Gynecological Oncology Department, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital. A total of 194 cases with stage IA2?IIA CC were evaluated retrospectively. Patients with stage IA2?IIA CC who underwent radical (Type C2) or modified radical (Type B) hysterectomy and pelvic???paraaortic LN dissection with LN negativity were included in the study. The relationships between prognostic factors such as stage, tumour size, parametrial involvement, vaginal cuff margin, endomyometrial infiltration, and lymphovascular space invasion status and DFS were compared using a univariable Cox regression model. When the nomogram was prepared, the scores of the risk factors were collected, and we observed that scores were at least 0 to a maximum of 414 points. The concordance-index for the nomogram was 0.895 (95% confidence interval, 0.79?0.99). The nomogram based on the indicated prognostic factors yielded excellent results in predicting recurrence in early-stage CC patients without LN metastasis who underwent radical hysterectomy.Impact statement What is already known on this subject? Pathology of radical hysterectomy specimens in patients with early-stage cervical cancer provides information that has predictive prognostic potential. In addition to FIGO stage, other important prognostic factors are lymph node status, tumour size, parametrial involvement, vaginal cuff margin status, endomyometrial infiltration, histological type, patient age, lymphovascular space invasion, histological grade, and depth of cervical stromal invasion. What do the results of this study add? In this study, patients with early-stage cervical cancer who underwent radical and modified radical hysterectomy without retroperitoneal lymph node involvement were evaluated, and recurrence development and factors affecting disease-free survival were investigated. A nomogram consisting of factors influencing disease-free survival was constructed. The total score was determined according to the status of all risk factors. This allowed clear definition of the risk for each patient. A nomogram predicting recurrence in patients with stages IA2?IIA cervical cancer with radical hysterectomy without lymph node involvement has not previously been published.