Hematologically important mutations: Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (first update)


Van De Vijver E., Maddalena A., Sanal O., Holland S. M. , Uzel G., Madkaikar M., ...Daha Fazla

BLOOD CELLS MOLECULES AND DISEASES, cilt.48, ss.53-61, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 48
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2011.10.004
  • Dergi Adı: BLOOD CELLS MOLECULES AND DISEASES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.53-61

Özet

Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) is an immunodeficiency caused by defects in the adhesion of leukocytes (especially neutrophils) to the blood vessel wall. As a result, patients with LAD suffer from severe bacterial infections and impaired wound healing, accompanied by neutrophilia. In LAD-I, mutations are found in ITGB2, the gene that encodes the beta subunit of the beta(2) integrins. This syndrome is characterized directly after birth by delayed separation of the umbilical cord. In the rare LAD-II disease, the fucosylation of selectin ligands is disturbed, caused by mutations in SLC35C1, the gene that encodes a GDP-fucose transporter of the Golgi system. LAD-II patients lack the H and Lewis Le(a) and Le(b) blood group antigens. Finally, in LAD-III (also called LAD-I/variant) the conformational activation of the hematopoietically expressed beta integrins is disturbed, leading to leukocyte and platelet dysfunction. This last syndrome is caused by mutations in FERMT3, encoding the kindlin-3 protein in all blood cells that is involved in the regulation of beta integrin conformation. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) is an immunodeficiency caused by defects in the adhesion of leukocytes (especially neutrophils) to the blood vessel wall. As a result, patients with LAD suffer from severe bacterial infections and impaired wound healing, accompanied by neutrophilia. In LAD-I, mutations are found in ITGB2, the gene that encodes the ß subunit of the ß(2) integrins. This syndrome is characterized directly after birth by delayed separation of the umbilical cord. In the rare LAD-II disease, the fucosylation of selectin ligands is disturbed, caused by mutations in SLC35C1, the gene that encodes a GDP-fucose transporter of the Golgi system. LAD-II patients lack the H and Lewis Le(a) and Le(b) blood group antigens. Finally, in LAD-III (also called LAD-I/variant) the conformational activation of the hematopoietically expressed ß integrins is disturbed, leading to leukocyte and platelet dysfunction. This last syndrome is caused by mutations in FERMT3, encoding the kindlin-3 protein in all blood cells that is involved in the regulation of ß integrin conformation. PMID:22134107[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]