The Prevalence of Migraine and Tension-Type Headache Among Schoolchildren in Kayseri, Turkey: An Evaluation of Sensitivity and Specificity Using Multivariate Analysis


Poyrazoglu H. G. , KUMANDAŞ S. , CANPOLAT M. , GÜMÜŞ H. , Elmali F. , Kara A. , ...More

JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY, vol.30, no.7, pp.889-895, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0883073814549240
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.889-895
  • Keywords: epidemiology, school children, prevalence, migraine, tension type headache, CHILDHOOD, CLASSIFICATION, DIAGNOSIS, CRITERIA, CHILDREN

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the prevalence as well as psychosocial and demographic features of migraine and tension-type headache among school children between the ages of 7 and 17, and using the International Classification of Headache Disorders II. The study was conducted during the questionnaire phase and the interview phase. The prevalence of recurrent headache was 47.5%, whereas that of primary recurrent headache was 21%. The estimated prevalence rates of migraine and tension-type headache were 7.2% and 7.8%, respectively. Unilateral headache, throbbing-type headache, severe headache, and the severity of the headache with physical activity were specific for migraine. Headache was significantly higher in first-degree relatives of the children with migraine compared to the children with tension-type headache (P < .0001). We determined the prevalence rates of migraine and tension-type headache and revealed the characteristics as well as the psychosocial and demographic features of migraine and tension-type headache. Sensitivity, specificity, and multivariate analysis were also evaluated.