Effect of diosmin on lipid peoxidation and organ damage against subacute deltamethrin exposure in rats


Tekeli M. Y. , Eraslan G. , Cakır Bayram L. , Soyer S.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.28, no.13, pp.15890-15908, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-020-11277-y
  • Title of Journal : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.15890-15908
  • Keywords: Deltamethrin, Diosmin, Lipid peroxidation, Antioxidant status, Histopathological findings, Rat, INDUCED OXIDATIVE DAMAGE, BIOCHEMICAL-ALTERATIONS, SPIRULINA-PLATENSIS, FREE-RADICALS, NITRIC-OXIDE, STRESS, TOXICITY, PEROXIDATION, LIVER, HEPATOTOXICITY

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the protective efficacy of diosmin against subacute deltamethrin exposure. For this purpose, 40 male Wistar albino rats were used. The animals were assigned to the following 4 groups: control group (received corn oil vehicle alone), diosmin-treated group (50 mg/kg bw/day orally), deltamethrin-exposed group (5 mg/kg bw/day, orally) and coadministered group (5 mg/kg bw/day deltamethrin and 50 mg/kg bw/day diosmin, orally) for 28 days. Some lipid peroxidation/antioxidant status/biochemical markers were evaluated in blood/tissue (liver, kidney, brain, heart and testis) samples and the histopathological architecture was assessed. Compared with the control group, no alteration was detected in the parameters and histological findings of the diosmin-treated group. Deltamethrin toxicity was associated with significantly increased plasma, cardiac, hepatic, renal, cerebral and testicular levels of MDA and NO, and significantly decreased GSH levels (p < 0.05). Antioxidant enzyme status (SOD, CAT and GSH-Px activities) displayed either decrease or increase (p < 0.05). Significant increase was detected in AST and ALT activities and urea and creatinine levels (p < 0.05). The values of the group coadministered with deltamethrin and diosmin were similar to the values of the control group. Diosmin ameliorated deltamethrin-induced lymphocytic and histiocytic infiltration and subendocardial oedema in the heart. Combined administration also minimized hepatic, renal, testicular and cerebral histopathological findings. The alterations detected in various toxicological parameters correlated well with the histopathological changes observed in various organs. In conclusion, it is suggested that diosmin could provide protection against deltamethrin-induced toxicity and organ damage in rats.