Solid phase extraction of Cd, Pb, Ni, Cu, and Zn in environmental samples on multiwalled carbon nanotubes


ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, cilt.186, ss.5461-5468, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 186 Konu: 9
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10661-014-3795-5
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.5461-5468


A simple and sensitive solid phase extraction (SPE) method on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is presented for the determination of cadmium, lead, nickel, copper, and zinc at trace levels combined with flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The effects of parameters like pH, sample volume, sample and eluent flow rates, eluent concentration, and volume and type of eluent on the recovery of trace elements was examined. The metals retained on the nanotube at pH 6.5 as alpha-benzoin oxime complexes were eluted by 10 mL 2 M HNO3 in acetone. The influence of matrix ions on the developed method was also evaluated. The preconcentration factor of the method was found to be 50. The detection limits for Cd(II), Pb(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) were found as 1.7, 5.5, 6.0, 2.3, and 2.4 mu g L-1, respectively. To test the accuracy of the method, the method was applied to TMDA-70 fortified lake water and Spinach 1570A standard reference materials. Addition recovery studies were applied to tap water and cracked wheat samples, and determination of the analyte elements was carried out in some food samples with good results.