Effects of Bio-Bor Fertilizer Applications on Fruit Yield, Antioxidant Enzyme Activity and Freeze Injury of Strawberry


GÜNEŞ A. , Turan M., Kitir N., Tufenkci M. S. , Cimrin K. M. , YILDIRIM E., ...More

ERWERBS-OBSTBAU, vol.58, no.3, pp.177-184, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 58 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10341-016-0274-x
  • Title of Journal : ERWERBS-OBSTBAU
  • Page Numbers: pp.177-184
  • Keywords: Strawberry, Boron, B, PGPR, Boron deficiency, Cold, Antioxidant enzyme, GROWTH-PROMOTING RHIZOBACTERIA, PLANT-GROWTH, MEMBRANE-PERMEABILITY, SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE, OXIDATIVE STRESS, COLD-ACCLIMATION, NUTRIENT-UPTAKE, SALT STRESS, TOLERANCE, BACTERIA

Abstract

Deficiency of Boron (B) is widespread in the many parts of region of Turkey. So, the effects of boron and plant growth promoting bacteria (Bio-B) on the fruit yield, antioxidant enzyme activity and plant freeze injury of strawberry cv. Fern were investigated under field conditions between 2013 and 2014. The experimental plot was a completely randomized design with 4 replicates. Control and Bio-B were used as fertilizer agent in the experiment. Bio-B fertilizer was applied in three methods as soil, foliar and soil + foliar application methods to strawberry plants. Data through 2 years showed that the use of Bio-B significantly increased fruit yield, antioxidant enzyme activity and decreased freeze injury of strawberry leaf. Soil + foliar applications of Bio-B fertilizer increased to fruit yield compared to the control by 55.91 %. However, foliar application of Bio-B fertilizer increased to catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme activity compared with the control treatment 41.86 %, 48.99 %, and 26.59 %, respectively and decreased freeze injury of strawberry leaves 27.41 %. Overall, the results of this study suggest that Bio-B fertilizer application have the potential to increase the yield, antioxidant enzyme activity and decreased freeze injury of strawberry plants under field conditions.