A double-functional carbon material as a supercapacitor electrode and hydrogen production: Cu-doped tea factory waste catalyst

Ozarslan S., Atelge M. R., DEMİR KIVRAK H., HOROZ S., YAVUZ C., Kaya M., ...More

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS, vol.32, no.24, pp.28909-28918, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 24
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10854-021-07275-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.28909-28918
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


In the present study, our main aim is to show that the first synthesized metal-doped tea factory waste (TFW) catalyst can be used in both hydrogen production and supercapacitor application. In this context, TFW catalyst doped with copper (Cu) (TFW-Cu) was synthesized for methanolysis of NaBH4 and supercapacitor measurement. In the presence of four different parameters (metal type, metal amount, carbonization temperature, and carbonization time), methanolysis experiments of NaBH4 were performed and the catalyst with the maximum hydrogen production rate (HPR) was determined. As a result, it was determined that the 30% Cu-doped TFW (TFW-30%Cu) catalyst had a maximum HPR at a carbonization temperature of 300 degrees C and a carbonization time of 60 min compared to other substances. As a result of the methanolysis experiments performed in the presence of TFW-30%Cu catalyst, the maximum HPR and activation energy were determined as 9475 mL (min.g)(-1) and 13.02 kJ mol(-1), respectively. In supercapacitor application, the capacitance of the electrodes in the presence of TFW-30%Cu was calculated as 7-19.9 F.(g)(-1). Thus, it is expected that the synthesized catalyst will make a promising contribution in both energy storage and energy production areas-especially for distributed generation systems operating in national networks.