The main objective of the current study was to evaluate the effects of extender type and centrifugation/washing prior to cryopreservation on the postthaw sperm parameters, lipid peroxidation, and superoxide dismutase activity of Angora buck (Capra hircus ancryrensis) sperm. Ejaculates collected from three Angora bucks were used in this study. Two consecutive ejaculates from each buck were pooled and split into equal parts in four Falcon tubes. Two tubes were diluted at 37 degrees C and then centrifuged to remove semen plasma. After centrifugation, two sediment parts were diluted with a Tris-based extender and commercial Bioxcell extender, respectively. The remaining two parts, which were not centrifuged/washed, were diluted with the above-mentioned extenders, respectively. Diluted samples were cooled to 5 degrees C and frozen in 0.25-mL French straws to be stored in liquid nitrogen. Frozen straws were thawed individually at 37 degrees C for 20 sec in a water bath for evaluation. The semen part with centrifugation/washing in the Bioxcell extender (BC) demonstrated a higher rate of subjective motility (58.1 +/- 3.0%) compared with that of groups with (TC) or without (T) centrifugation/washing in the Tris-based extender (P < 0.01). Angora buck sperm frozen with (BC) or without (B) centrifugation/washing in the Bioxcell extender demonstrated higher percentages of motility (60.6 +/- 2.7% and 54.3 +/- 4.8%, respectively) compared with that of groups T and TC. The postthaw progressive motility rate (22.3 +/- 2.7%) was significantly greater for semen parts diluted in B compared with that of other groups. BC gave rise to a lower value of average path velocity (90.0 +/- 5.2 mu m/sec) compared with that of other groups (P < 0.01). For straight linear velocity and linearity index, the highest values (103.2 +/- 4.7 mu m/sec, 47.5 +/- 1.6% and 94.8 +/- 3.0 mu m/sec, 44.8 +/- 1.1%, respectively) were obtained from B and TC (P < 0.001). For sperm acrosome and total abnormalities, TC gave the highest values (11.2 +/- 0.6% and 26.6 +/- 1.5%, respectively, P < 0.01). In the group frozen in BC, the percentage of membrane integrity assessed by hypo-osmotic swelling test was higher (61.2 +/- 2.2%) than that of the other groups (P < 0.001). With respect to fertility results based on 35-d pregnancy rates, BC gave a higher rate (76.5%) than that of TC (27.8%, P < 0.05). Malondialdehyde formation was found to be lower (1.64 +/- 0.26 nmol/L) in BC than in the other groups after the freeze-thawing process (P < 0.001). In the semen part frozen in BC, superoxide dismutase activity was higher (0.18 +/- 0.02 U/mg protein) compared with that of the other groups (P < 0.05). Further studies are required to obtain more precise results for the characterization of oxidative stress parameters and fertilizing ability in cryopreserved buck spermatozoa. Crown Copyright (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.