Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a fatal systemic viral infection which is an important health problem in Turkey. Many systemic symptoms have been reported including fever, hemorrhage, headache, fatigue, muscle ache, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. A 45-year-old male farmer with CCHF presented with massive peritoneal effusion and hyperbilirubinemia. To our knowledge, this is the first case of peritoneal effusion and hyperbilirubinemia in an adult patient with CCHF. His clinical symptoms successfully improved with supportive therapy. In patients who live in endemic areas with atypical presentation for the diagnosis of CCHF should be kept in mind. J. Med. Virol. 88:159-162, 2016. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.