Screening Mycorrhizae Species for Increased Growth and P and Zn Uptake in Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) Grown under Greenhouse Conditions


ORTAŞ İ., SARI N., Akpinar C., YETİŞİR H.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, cilt.76, ss.116-123, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 76 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.116-123

Özet

This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of several mycorrhizal fungi species and their cocktail on eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) seedling growth, P and Zn uptake.
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of several mycorrhizal fungi species and their cocktail on eggplant ( Solanum melongena L. ) seedling growth, P and Zn uptake. Three greenhouse experiments were continued consecutively for 3 years to evaluate the effects of several mycorrhizal species ( Glomus species) on eggplant seedling production and growth before transplanting to field conditions. Arbuscular Mycorrhizae Fungi (AMF) used were Glomus mosseae , G. clarum , G. caledonium, G. intraradices and G. etunicatum and their mixture. In Experiment I, the plant was harvestedonce and there were two harvests in Experiment II and III. The results of the three experiments revealed that mycorrhizal fungi significantly infected eggplant and all mycorrhizal inoculated plants showed better performance than non inoculated plants in terms of plant growth, P and Zn uptake. According to results of Experiment I, the better mycorrrizal species were G. intraradices , G. etunicatum and G. clarum . In Experiment II, G. etunicatum and cocktail mycorrhizae and in Expe­riment III, G. caledonium and G. mosseae inoculums were more effective species. The results show that mycorrhizal inoculation is necessary for healthy andvigorous seedling production. Seed and seedling stagesmycorrhizal inoculation can be used for high quality seedling for field inoculation.