Diffusion tensor and volumetric magnetic resonance imaging findings in the brains of professional musicians


ACER N. , Bastepe-Gray S., Sagiroglu A. , Gumus K. Z. , DEĞİRMENCİOĞLU L. , ZARARSIZ G. , ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL NEUROANATOMY, cilt.88, ss.33-40, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 88
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jchemneu.2017.11.003
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL NEUROANATOMY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.33-40

Özet

Professional musicians represent an ideal model to study the training-induced brain plasticity. The current study aimed to investigate the brain volume and diffusion characteristics of musicians using structural magnetic resonance and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The combined use of volumetric and diffusion methods in studying musician brain has not been done in literature. Our study group consisted of seven male musicians playing an instrument and seven age- and gender-matched non-musicians. We evaluated the volumes of gray matter (GM), white matter (WM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and calculated total intracranial volume (TIV) and measured the fractional anisotropy (FA) of pre-selected WM bundles: corpus callosum (CC), corticospinal tract (CST), superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF), forceps major (ForMaj), forceps minor (ForMin), and arcuate fasciculus (AF). The mean WM/TIV volume in musicians was higher compared to non-musicians. The mean FA was lower in CC, SLF, ForMaj, ForMin, and right AF but higher in right CST in the musicians. The mean value of the total number of fibers was larger in the CST, SLF, left AF, and ForMaj in the musicians. The observed differences were not statistically significant between the groups (p>0.05). However, increased GM volume was found in the musicians compared to the non-musicians in the right and left cerebellum and supramarginal and angular gyrus, left superior and inferior parietal lobule and as well as left middle temporal gyrus. Our findings suggest differing brain structure in musicians and the confirmation of the results on a larger population.