Hematologic parameters have prognostic importance in cardiovascular disease. However, the relation between atherosclerosis progression and hematologic parameters is not well defined. A total of 394 patients requiring repeat coronary angiography were included in the study. According to angiography, patients were divided into 2 groups, progressive (n = 196) and nonprogressive (n = 198) diseases. Hematologic parameters including mean platelet volume (MPV) and neutrophil/lymphocyte (N/L) ratio were measured. Glucose, creatinine, and cholesterol were significantly higher in the progressive group. Mean platelet volume count was similar in both groups. The N/L ratio was significantly higher in the progressive group (5.0 +/- 5.1 vs 3.2 +/- 3; P = .001). In multivariate analysis, the N/L ratio was significantly related with progression (relative risk [RR]: 2.267, 95% CI: 1.068-4.815, P = .03). Progression rate was significantly high in patients with high N/L ratio (39% vs 56%). Our results suggest that the N/L ratio is a predictor of progression of atherosclerosis.