This study compared peri-implant vertical bone loss, the periodontal index, prosthodontic maintenance requirements and oral health-related quality of life (OHQoL) of patients using mandibular implant-supported overdentures with 2 different attachment systems after an average of 5 years of use. Sixteen mandibular overdenture patients with magnet attachments (group 3), 24 with implant-supported mandibular overdentures with Locator attachments (group 2), and 25 conventional complete denture patients (group 1) were included in the study. The existing at least 5 years old dentures of all patients were evaluated for prosthodontic maintenance by the same prosthodontist and the patients were administered the oral health impact profile-14-Turkish version (OHIP-TR-14) questionnaire. Peri-implant tissue health was evaluated clinically in terms of plaque scores, bleeding scores, probing depth, and gingival index. Radiographic evaluation was performed in terms of peri-implant vertical bone loss. Radiographic evaluations were performed 5 years after overdenture insertion. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups in terms of total OHIP-TR-14 scores (P > .05). Although the average vertical bone resorption measured in group 2 at the end of 5 years was 1.38 mm, there was an average vertical bone loss of 1.45 mm in group 3, but this difference was not statistically significant (P > .05). Among the periodontal health indicators, there were no statistically significant differences in the mean values for periodontal indexes. According to results of the study, there were no differences in peri-implant vertical bone loss in groups 2 and 3, in periodontal health in mandibular overdentures with groups 2 and 3, or between total OHIP-TR-14 scores of patients in all groups.