Long-term macrolide therapy in asthma


PAÇACI ÇETİN G. , Arslan B., YILMAZ İ.

TUBERKULOZ VE TORAKS-TUBERCULOSIS AND THORAX, vol.69, no.4, pp.520-534, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 69 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.5578/tt.20219610
  • Title of Journal : TUBERKULOZ VE TORAKS-TUBERCULOSIS AND THORAX
  • Page Numbers: pp.520-534
  • Keywords: Macrolide, azithromycin, asthma, REDUCES BRONCHIAL HYPERRESPONSIVENESS, NEUTROPHILIC AIRWAY INFLAMMATION, ACUTE EXACERBATIONS, DOUBLE-BLIND, AZITHROMYCIN, CLARITHROMYCIN, PREVENTION, ANTIBIOTICS, CHILDREN, ADULTS

Abstract

Macrolides are antibiotics with antiviral, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects in together with their bacteriostatic effects. In addition to its beneficial effects on chronic respiratory diseases such as COPD, cystic fibrosis, diffuse panbronchiolitis, and bronchiectasis, its effects on uncontrolled severe asthma and asthma exacerbations have been the subject of research in recent years. In randomized controlled trials, azithromycin, a macrolide, has been shown to reduce asthma exacerbations and significantly improve asthma-related quality of life in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic asthma phenotypes. However, there are also differences such asdoses, durations and some studies not showing its effectiveness in severe eosinophilic asthma. In the GINA report, azithromycin can be recommended as an add-on therapy in patients with uncontrolled non-T2 severe asthma despite high-dose inhaled corticosteroid/ long-acting beta2-agonist/long-acting antimuscariniric treatments, or in T2 severe asthma patients whose asthma is not under control despite biologic therapy. In this review, the use of macrolides, especially azithromycin, in the treatment of asthma, immunomodulatory activities and safety profiles are discussed on the basis of current studies and guidelines.